Hilton Head Island
The Hilton Head Island is a beautiful destination. Located in the vicinity of nature amidst the sea waters, this island has been the home of the Gullah community for three centuries. Here, there is a rich culture and heritage of the Gullah community. This island has the beauty of nature, the sea, and a rich heritage and culture for people to learn about. It is the perfect holiday destination for you, your family and friends.
About Hilton Head Island
The Hilton Head Island is located off the coast of South Carolina. It is one among the Sea Islands of South Carolina, North Carolina, Georgia and Florida; it is also known as the Low Country. The Low Country is inhabited by African-Americans who are the descendants of the people who were enslaved to work on the rice and cotton plantations in the Low Country region. These descendants have strongly retained their rich African culture.
The Gullah community has retained many important aspects of the West African Culture; including music, languages, family values and even land usage traditions.
In 1698, several islands along with some mainland in the Low Country, were granted as part of a barony to John Bayley. This place was then christened as Bayley's Barony. Hilton Head Island was then known as Trench's County, named after Alexander Trench. Alexander Trench was the faithful property agent and fee collector of John Bayley.
Years later in 1717, John Barnwell became the first English settler there and was granted land that measured 1,000 acres. Later, it came to be known as the Hilton Head plantations.
However, the beautiful Island failed to gain recognition until the arrival of another planter, William Elliot in 1790. William Elliot raised the first staple cotton here, along with his friend Will Seabrook. Will Seabrook introduced a new and advanced fertilizer for the crop; this resulted in a high-quality cotton crop which was widely acclaimed. In 1860, the island boasted of 24 such plantations. The main crop cultivated was cotton but, there were other crops like sugarcane, indigo and rice. In a bid to form a better lifestyle, the landowners began residing in better places. This island became the home of slaves and overseers who grew the crops.
After the Civil War and the abolition of slavery, the patriarch lifestyle of the plantation owners came to an end and the population plummeted to a few thousand; these residents were primarily the descendants of the slaves who worked there. The place returned to its state of rural obscurity. People living there survived through maintaining small farms and fishing. However, they retained their culture, values and rich heritage.
It was in 1940 that the Island regained its glory thanks to the timber-men who found new potential in its tall pines.